Glucophage is used to treat conditions like type 2 diabetes. Rather than using it as a standalone therapy, the drug is used along with dietary and lifestyle changes.
Medication must always be taken as advised by your medical practitioner/physician. If you are unsure, then please contact your physician for precise instructions. On the other hand, the medicine label usually contains dosage instructions which also may be followed.
Glucophage must be taken with a meal. Drink plenty of fluid while using this drug.
Medications are prescribed according to a dosage schedule which must be completed in order to reap the benefits of the treatment. Lapsed schedules render Glucophage ineffective. So, never stop in between unless advised by your physician.
One of the best ways to ensure that you do not miss out on a dose is to maintain a fixed regime for consuming Glucophage each day.
Drug Class and Mechanism
Glucophage is used to treat conditions like type 2 diabetes along with diet and exercise.
You must maintain a schedule for taking the medicine at the same time each day so that you do not miss out on any doses. But, in the advent of a missed dose, take it as soon as you remember so that you can compensate for the loss of the dose.
But, then you may need to adjust your remaining doses accordingly. And if it is almost time for the next dose, then please skip the missed dose and continue with the normal schedule.
Never try to compensate for the missed dose by taking a double dose together. It may cause adverse effects.
Glucophage must be stored at a cool and dark place that prevents it from direct exposure to sunlight. It should also be protected from kids and pets. You can store it at room temperature at 68 – 77 °F (20 –25 °C).
If you are allergic to any ingredient in Glucophage (you may check medicine label) then please do not use it without consulting your doctor.
You must also avoid using Glucophage if you have a history of heart problems, lung or breathing problems, thyroid problems, stomach or bowel problems (eg, paralysis, blockage), adrenal or pituitary problems, or lactic acidosis, if you have vomiting, diarrhea, poor health or nutrition, low blood calcium or vitamin B12 levels, or anemia, or if you are dehydrated, have an infection, fever, recent injury, or moderate to severe burns, you drink alcohol or have a history of alcohol abuse, if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant or are breast–feeding.
Ensure that your doctor is aware of your past and current medical history before you start any new treatment or medication. This must include any and all diseases that you have suffered /suffer from, all subscription and over the counter medication that you are taking, including vitamins and herbal supplements. This will help avoid a possible interaction or allergy.
In some cases, the medication might be altered or require special attention if you suffer from conditions like low blood oxygen levels, kidney or liver problems, high blood ketone or acid levels (eg, diabetic ketoacidosis), have had a stroke or a recent heart attack, or you are in shock or if you are 80 years old or older and have not had a kidney function test.
Glucophage is known to make some people dizzy or drowsy. And if you consume alcoholic beverages, then the chances of this happening increase greatly. Hence, alcohol and alcoholic beverages must be strictly avoided while taking Glucophage. If you have experienced drowsiness after taking Glucophage, then avoid tasks that require mental alertness for example, driving, handling heavy equipment or machinery etc.
Certain laboratory tests may be made mandatory while you are using Glucophage. These tests are conducted to analyze your progress to treatment and guage the degree to which side effects are being experienced. You must never miss out on any such lab tests.
Your lab technician or doctor must be informed that you are taking Glucophage before you undergo any lab tests or emergency surgical procedures.
Diabetic patients are always advised to carry an ID card on their person that mentions about their diabetic condition and Glucophages they are using currently. This information may prove to be invaluable in certain scenarios.
Glucophage is not to be used for treating Type I diabetes.
Diabetic medications like Glucophage work most effectively when they are combined with lifestyle changes like regular exercise and a healthy diet.
Constant blood sugar monitoring must be carried out in diabetic patients. If you find that your blood sugar levels are not improving despite using Glucophage, then contact your physician immediately.
If you are experiencing rapid heartbeats, vision changes, headaches, chills, or tremors, hunger, then please note that these are signs of low blood sugar. This is a common situation that can be avoided by consuming all meals and medications on time. Never skip a meal or a dose of medication.
Also quickly consuming a source of sugar (table sugar, honey, candy, orange juice, or non–diet soda) is the first aid for low blood sugar. Consume it and then seek medical attention.
If you are planning to have a baby or are pregnant already then you must seek advice from your doctor before using Glucophage. Discuss the effects and possible risks that Glucophage usage may have on the unborn baby.
If you are breast feeding your child, then too seek medical advice before using Glucophage. Some drugs may be excreted in the breast milk and may harm the baby.