Indinavir being a HIV protease inhibitor mainly works by slowing the growth of the HIV virus which causes AIDS.
Medication must always be taken as advised by your medical practitioner/physician. If you are unsure, then please contact your physician for precise instructions. On the other hand, the medicine label usually contains dosage instructions which also may be followed.
Indinavir may be taken 1 hour before your meal or 2 hours after your meal to prevent stomach problems.
A full glass of water when taken with Indinavir always ensures better absorption.
Avoid the intake of garlic in your diet as it is known to reduce the effectiveness of Indinavir. Also avoid grapefruit and its juice as it tends to increase the amount of Indinavir in your blood, making you more vulnerable towards the side effects caused by it.
Medications are prescribed according to a dosage schedule which must be completed in order to reap the benefits of the treatment. Lapsed schedules render Indinavir ineffective. So, never stop in between unless advised by your physician.
One of the best ways to ensure that you do not miss out on a dose is to maintain a fixed regime for consuming Indinavir each day.
Drug Class and Mechanism
Indinavir being an antiviral medication belongs in the group of HIV medicines known as protease inhibitors. It helps in preventing HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus cells from multiplying in the body.
You must maintain a schedule for taking the medicine at the same time each day so that you do not miss out on any doses. But, in the advent of a missed dose, take it as soon as you remember so that you can compensate for the loss of the dose.
But, then you may need to adjust your remaining doses accordingly. And if it is almost time for the next dose, then please skip the missed dose and continue with the normal schedule.
Never try to compensate for the missed dose by taking a double dose together. It may cause adverse effects.
Indinavir must be stored at a cool and dark place that prevents it from direct exposure to sunlight. It should also be protected from kids and pets. You can store it at room temperature preferably between 20 to 25 degrees C.
If you are allergic to any ingredient in Indinavir (you may check medicine label) or if you are into alfuzosin, astemizole, amiodarone, certain benzodiazepines, atazanavir, certain HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, cisapride, erthyromycin, an ergot derivative, pimozide, rifampin, a proton pump inhibitor, a serotonin 5-HT1 receptor antagonist, St. John's wort, or even terfenadine, then please do not use it without consulting your doctor.
You must also avoid using Indinavir if you have conditions like (paste here)
Ensure that your doctor is aware of your past and current medical history before you start any new treatment or medication. This must include any and all diseases that you have suffered /suffer from, all subscription and over the counter medication that you are taking, including vitamins and herbal supplements. This will help avoid a possible interaction or allergy.
Indinavir does not guarantee in any way that it will stop the spread of HIV to others either through blood or through sexual contact. So it is advisable that you use barrier forms of contraception, like condoms, if you are suffering from HIV infection. Make sure that you don’t indulge in sharing needles, or injection supplies, or even items like razors and toothbrushes.
Indinavir may improve your body’s immune system and may even help you recover infections which you may not have been aware of. Make sure you do not avoid any of the symptoms and visit your doctor as soon as you notice them.
Indinavir is known to make some people dizzy or drowsy. And if you consume alcoholic beverages, then the chances of this happening increase greatly. Hence, alcohol and alcoholic beverages must be strictly avoided while taking Indinavir. If you have experienced drowsiness after taking Indinavir, then avoid tasks that require mental alertness for example, driving, handling heavy equipment or machinery etc.
Your lab technician or doctor must be informed that you are taking Indinavir before you undergo any lab tests or emergency surgical procedures.
If you are planning to have a baby or are pregnant already then you must seek advice from your doctor before using Indinavir. Discuss the effects and possible risks that Indinavir usage may have on the unborn baby.
If you are breast feeding your child, then too seek medical advice before using Indinavir. Some drugs may be excreted in the breast milk and may harm the baby.